Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA)
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) is a federal law that was enacted in 1996 to protect the privacy of individuals’ health information. It sets standards for the use and disclosure of protected health information (PHI) and establishes requirements for the security of electronic health records (EHRs). HIPAA also requires organizations to provide individuals with access to their health information and to provide notification in the event of a breach of PHI. HIPAA applies to all organizations that handle PHI, including healthcare providers, health plans, and healthcare clearinghouses.